To find new artesian wells, technology absolutely has to help us. With technical and mechanical innovations together with hydraulic engineering it has been possible to build rigs that are more and more efficient and are able to go to very important depths while drilling even more resistant layers of rocks. An artesian well is an under earth rich reserve of pluvial water: it is about natural resources that are hidden in the earth’s ground, the precious water supply of an area can be more or less extensive. The drilled hole of an artesian well lets water spontaneously come up to surface, without the use of submersible pumps. To find this underground water it is thought necessary to use a rig that is appropriate to our aim. Modern rigs, designed and realized by companies from this sector, are able to drill into the layers of the earth for many hundreds of meters. We are talking about mobile rigs, i.e. mounted on trucks or trailer either big or small depending upon the dimensions and weight of the equipment; this will let us move the rig inside the working yard without too many problems.
The choice of the correct rig to drill water wells is a choice of fundamental importance. Depending upon the well’s depth the rig will need to be more or less powerful. The best way to find the most appropriate rig is to trust and search the internet. You just need to open the browser on Google or Bing pages and type “drilling rigs for sale”. Over the world there are many companies that are operating in the sector of designing and realizing rigs. There are companies that are specialized in building rigs dedicated to water research. Others do have rigs to drill inside mines. Others specialize in oil exploration in the deepest layers of the earth from either marine platforms or on the mainland. There are also bigger companies that offer a wider range of drilling equipment. It is not always necessary to buy a new drilling rig. Most companies suggest and offer to their clients the option to hire and sell used rigs which can be recommended for small works when it’s not necessary to use equipment for a long period.
It is possible to find rigs that are fit for any purpose; it is though important to know that not all rigs are equal. For instance there are mechanical rigs which normally operate by diesel engines. There are electrical drilling rigs powered by energy sources generated in the work place, often they have engines with internal combustion. There are hydraulic drilling rigs that are using hydraulic oil flow operated by diesel engine. The system includes one gear box on which are connected different hydraulic pumps. Moreover modern rigs do differentiate themselves for their drilling method; these rigs can work a percussion system or rotary drilling method. The first ones impact the ground vertically drilling a large diameter hole in the ground; these rigs are mostly used when searching for water at low depths, but with very large diameter. Other types of drilling rigs instead, operate by rotating movement with a specific tool, normally called a bit.